Timing Belt


Complete insight into the Timing belt and its uses. Read on to understand its functioning, importance, effects of the bad timing belt, life length, and how to identify the failure.

What is a Timing Belt?

A crucial component of your car’s engine, the timing belt ensures that many of the moving parts work in unison to generate the most power and efficiency.

It’s critical to maintain any necessary timing belt maintenance and to have the belt replaced following the recommended service interval specified in your vehicle’s owner’s handbook because a malfunctioning timing belt can result in catastrophic engine failure.

What is the intention of a timing belt?

Your timing belt synchronizes the engine’s combustion cycle by joining the crankshaft and camshaft. The camshaft regulates the movement of the intake and exhaust valves while the crankshaft revolves in tandem with the pistons.

Intake valves on each cylinder open to let fuel and air enter the combustion chamber. When the appropriate volume of fuel and air enters the chamber, the fuel/air combination is compressed by the camshaft closing the valves and the piston rising in the cylinder.

The mixture is then ignited by the spark plug, which causes it to erupt. This forces the piston to move back down the cylinder, which turns the crankshaft.

The exhaust valve then opens due to the camshaft, letting the exhaust gases generated in the explosion leave the cylinder; the procedure is repeated at this point.

For the operation to be successful without blowing the engine, every valve and the piston must move in precisely timed synchronized movements.

The crankshaft’s rotation carries the camshaft, which the timing belt transfers.

What is a timing belt made of?

The materials used to make modern timing belts include rubber, synthetic rubbers such as neoprene, polyurethane, or highly saturated nitrile, and reinforcing cords with high tensile strength composed of fiberglass, polyester, or Kevlar.

Reinforcing cords will run the entire length of the belt to lessen the belt’s propensity to stretch out over time. Industrial timing belts feature either trapezoidal or curved teeth that are cut into one of the sides.

These teeth are precisely sized and shaped to fit correctly with the pulleys on the crankshaft and camshaft.

Oil constantly flows over engine timing chains to lubricate and shield the components.

Engines using rubber timing belts are usually built in a “dry” setup, meaning that coolant or oil does not come into contact with the rubber because oil can harm rubber.

What is the effect of a bad timing belt?

The majority of contemporary engines are built with pistons and valves sharing the same space in the cylinder at certain stages of the combustion cycle.

These are referred to as interference engines. Although the possibility of the two components colliding makes this sound like a poor idea, it’s done for efficiency and power because stronger compression is possible due to the cylinder’s smaller volume.

In contrast to current interference engines, older cars with non-interference engines may frequently withstand a broken timing belt without suffering significant harm.

The camshaft will stop if the timing belt breaks because modern engines require the valves and pistons to share the same space in the cylinder, so if the timing belt breaks, the camshaft will no longer be able to open the valves in the correct order, and the pistons may collide with them and seriously harm the engine.

If this occurs, the cost of fixing the engine is frequently high or even unaffordable, forcing the owner to replace it or buy a brand-new car.

Signs of a Timing Belt Failure or Bad Design

Even though you might not give it much thought, your car’s timing belt is crucial to its mechanical functions. A few typical signs that your timing belt needs to be repaired are listed below:

The engine makes a ticking noise that you may hear.

Your timing belt may be significantly malfunctioning if you notice a ticking sound emerging from your vehicle’s engine.

A set of pulleys that go to the engine’s crank and camshaft are attached to the timing belt in your car. Your car’s timing belt may start to tick inside the motor when it begins to wear down. This could also indicate low oil pressure.

The engine in your car won’t turn over.

Your car’s engine won’t start or turn over correctly if the timing belt is damaged or not replaceable.

This means that even though the starter motor may sound like it’s turning on when you flip the key, it won’t ignite ultimately because the timing belt is what drives the crank and shaft.

You will not be able to operate your car at all if your timing belt is broken. The timing belt frequently breaks while the automobile is moving.

The rocker arms, push rods, and valves on a cylinder head may sustain severe damage as a result of this.

You spot an oil spill close to the engine.

An oil leak is another standard indicator that your timing belt needs to be replaced. If you start to see oil surrounding the engine, there can be a leak in your car; these usually come from the timing belt cover.

Even though several nuts and bolts may be holding your timing belt cover in place, they very well may fall loose in due course.

The wear and tear or cracking of the gasket between the engine block and timing cover can also result in an oil leak. This may result in an overheated engine and several other costly repairs.

You have problems with your exhaust.

Your timing belt may be having problems if your car’s exhaust has been producing a lot more smoke than usual.

As a result, your engine might try to operate under strain by working harder than it should, which may require expensive repairs in the future.

This extra work will cause your car to release more exhaust than it should.

Your Revs begin causing trouble.

Your timing belt may be damaged if you have observed that your RPMs (revolutions per minute) have started to behave strangely.

Your car’s RPM meter may be significantly impacted if your timing belt is broken or has missing teeth.

Unfortunately, there may not always be clear indications when your car’s timing belt needs to be fixed.

Reputable auto mechanics advise changing your timing belt every 60,000 to 100,000 miles because of this. Read your owner’s manual for more information on the manufacturer’s recommendation.

How long does a time belt last?

Several experts say a timing belt should be changed after 60,000 to 100,000 miles or seven to ten years of use.

However, the wisest course of action for any car owner is to consider the manufacturer’s advice.

The manufacturer specifies the timing belt service interval in the vehicle’s service manual, and it is imperative to adhere to this frequency to prevent an expensive and inconvenient timing belt failure.

Can I drive with a poor timing belt?

If you know your timing belt needs replacing, you should do so right away.

A major engine rebuilding or complete engine replacement may be necessary if your timing belt breaks while you are driving due to the potential for severe engine damage.

While many auto maintenance items may wait, changing the timing belt is not one of them.

How much does replacing a timing belt cost? And why it’s so expensive?

A timing belt can be purchased for relatively little money; however, replacing one requires a lot of labor.

The timing belt is an internal engine component that the mechanic must access and replace, removing several external engine components.

The price of a timing belt replacement can reach four figures, depending on the vehicle’s make and type. It often starts in the range of thousands.

The alternative, however, is riskier because the final repair expenses could be double, quadruple, or more if your timing belt breaks while you are driving.

Should I also replace other parts at the same time?

A tensioner pulley, some idler pulleys, and the crankshaft and camshaft pulleys make up the timing system in the majority of cars with timing belts.

It’s a good idea to look for wear and tear on the crankshaft and camshaft pulleys when replacing your industrial timing belt.

In addition, you should replace any idler pulleys and the tensioner pulley in the system because the total cost of labor and parts for the repair will be much more than the cost of replacing just those components and a modest amount of additional labor.

Since the timing belt drives the water pump in many engines, it’s a good idea to replace the water pump as well while the engine is being disassembled and the belt is off.

Each of these components is frequently found in what is known as a “timing belt kit,” which includes the water pump as well as the belt and all required pulleys and tensioners to run the belt.

Although replacing a timing belt is a difficult task, if you choose to do it yourself, make sure to study shop manuals and get advice from professionals beforehand.

For the engine to run correctly, the crankshaft and camshaft pulley positions must be kept extremely precise.


Various kinds of timing belts are available in the market, each designed for a particular application and made of materials best suited for a given environment.

To achieve optimal performance, it is imperative to take into account the material composition of a timing belt when choosing one for a particular application.

Furthermore, a timing belt replacement must be done carefully and on time to preserve dependable and effective functioning.

Having the finest quality timing belt is the best investment and decision you can make for your vehicle. Get the appropriate guidance, supplies, and tools you need to replace your timing belt properly before deciding to get one.

Jigna Sales Corporation is a well-established Industrial belt manufacturer offering the finest quality products.

Being consistent in the industry over the years and maintaining the quality of the products made them a well-respected and leading Industrial belt manufacturer on a global platform.


What does a timing belt do?

A car’s timing belt, often known as the cambelt, is crucial to the operation of internal combustion engines. The timing belt’s function is to synchronize the rotation of the crankshaft and camshaft; when this is done, your car’s pistons and valves will function as intended.

What is the primary purpose of a timing belt?

Your engine’s timing belt regulates the camshafts, opening and closing valves at precisely the appropriate moment to ensure smooth running.

Thanks to the timing belt’s teeth, the camshaft and crankshaft rotate in unison. The timing belt, well known as a cambelt, is an essential component for the proper functioning of internal combustion engines.

The rotation of the camshaft and crankshaft in synchronization is possible through the timing belt.

Upon completion of this function, the car’s valves and pistons work as they are supposed to.

What material is used for timing belts?

Although some belts are composed of neoprene or polyurethane, rubber is usually used to make timing belts.

The belt’s toothed surface is reinforced with a fabric covering, and the belt’s structure is strengthened with corded fibers that serve as tension members.

Does a bad timing belt affect performance?

Reduced performance overall is another sign that your car’s timing belt might be having problems.

An outdated or broken belt could be the cause of your vehicle’s reduced acceleration capabilities or difficulty maintaining speeds above specific thresholds.

How long can timing belts last?

A timing belt’s lifespan used to be limited to 40,000–60,000 kilometers.

However, with developments in materials science, contemporary timing belts often have an 80,000–100,000-mile lifespan.

Timing belts and cambelts typically need to be changed every 40,000 to 100,000 miles.

Alternatively, it is recommended that the belt be changed every four to five years for cars with reduced mileage. Nevertheless, it all depends on the make and model of the vehicle.

How long can you drive with a bad-timing belt?

If your timing belt is broken, your automobile will not start. The harm will already be done when the belt breaks, making it impossible for you to drive at all. The car will require towing to a repair shop for automobiles.

Why is it so expensive to replace the timing belt?

The labor and time are what drive up the cost. The engine must be disassembled to access the timing belt. It takes a lot of time and work to accomplish this.

Furthermore, reassembling the engine and adjusting the timing are necessary steps in changing the timing belt.

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